What is Psoriasis? What are its Causes and Symptoms?

by Nazerah Tahir June 30, 2019 3 min read

Psoriasis is a kind of skin disease that affects many parts of your body. It can be mild psoriasis or intense depending on the disease. Psoriasis is caused by the rapid growth of skin cells on the body which results in the formation of rough patches on the body.

Psoriasis can happen on any part of the body, but the most common places that the infection can occur are on the scalp, neck or face. It is necessary to know about the symptoms of psoriasis to get to know the ways that the treatment can be done. Psoriasis is a very chronic disease that can cover a significant part of the body.

It is quite clear there is no way that psoriasis is contagious, and that the skin disease occurs from being exposed to different environmental factors. The normal occurrence of psoriasis is during adulthood, and it is less prone to occur in children. In the case of psoriasis, it can be treated with the proper medication, but it can always make a comeback when the exposure happens again.

Though there is no long term treatment, you can use essential oils for psoriasis to keep the problem at bay for a certain duration. If you have psoriasis in the scalp, then there is the shampoo for psoriasis which will be able to treat it naturally and fast.

Types of Psoriasis

There are mainly five types of psoriasis that occur in people:

Plaque Psoriasis – This is the most common type of psoriasis and is also sometimes called Psoriasis Vulgaris by many doctors.

Guttate Psoriasis – This can occur in children as well as young adults. They are like rashes or red spots on the thighs, scalp, and arms amongst other places.

Inverse Psoriasis – This can be just a red patch n your skin without any scales on it. These usually happen in areas which are prone to sweating such as the armpits, groin area, etc.

Pustular Psoriasis – This is a quite uncommon kind and can happen mostly in adults. These are bumps on the skin that are filled with pus and have redness in them.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis – They are the most uncommon type of psoriasis, but they are also. They can be widespread in the body and looks like the skin has been burnt.

Nail Psoriasis – This affects the toenails and fingernails with discoloration and abnormal growth.

Psoriatic Arthritis– This is the kind where both arthritis and psoriasis occur in a person.

Signs and Symptoms of Psoriasis

There are many symptoms of psoriasis that can help you to understand that psoriasis has occurred. The most common signs and symptoms of psoriasis are as follows:

  • A dry patch of skin which might crack and bleed
  • Intense itching in different parts of your skin along with soreness and a burning sensation
  • Red spots all over the body which are covered with scales
  • Small scales and patches on the body which are quite seen in children
  • Stiff and swollen joints in the body
  • Thick and swollen nails with an abnormal growth trait

As mentioned earlier there are seven kinds of psoriasis. Each of these kinds has their symptoms which will help to determine the type of psoriasis that you have. However, the most common symptoms are the redness of the skin which is formed in patches at the affected area.

Causes of Psoriasis

The exact reason why psoriasis occurs is not yet been determined by doctors and scientists. However, it has been said that there might be certain external or genetic factors which can lead to psoriasis.

  • Genetic Factor – ‘Is Psoriasis hereditary’ or ‘Is psoriasis genetic’ – these are the questions that people often ask doctors. It might be possible that psoriasis is passed on through the genes and someone in your family might have been exposed to it. Though there has been no concrete proof, researchers have seen that many people who are suffering from psoriasis have had a family member with the same condition.
  • Environmental Factor – There are many external factors which can lead to psoriasis such as injury in the skin, stress, some infection, certain kinds of medications, food, etc. These factors are different from person to person.
  • Psoriasis is, therefore, a non-contagious but chronic autoimmune diseases which can cause a great deal of suffering to the infected person. The causes of psoriasis along with the symptoms of psoriasis will give you a better understating of what is the disease and what does psoriasis look like so that you can get immediate treatment.
  • Doctors might also give you psoriasis treatment cream to use for the long term as a method to control the infection in the future.