What Are The Symptoms And Causes Of Eczema?

by Nazerah Tahir June 29, 2019 3 min read

Eczema is a disease of the skin in which the skin becomes itchy, rough, cracked and inflamed. Certain foods that cause eczema are dairy products and nuts. People suffering from eczema must avoid these foods by all means.

The common symptoms of eczema in adults are dry and itchy skin and rashes around the eyes, face, and neck. The causes of eczema can be environmental or genetic. Some factors that can aggravate eczema are a hormonal imbalance in the body, stress and certain food like soya products, nuts, eggs, and seeds.

What are the Symptoms of Eczema in Adults

  • You can be sure that you have developed eczema from certain eczema signs and symptoms like rashes especially on the face, neck and the area around the eyes, in the nape of the neck, creases of elbows and rashes cover a major part of the body.
  • In eczema the skin becomes dry
  • Permanent itchiness of the skin is a key symptom of eczema.
  • The rashes are scaly in nature
  • There is a possibility of the rashes to develop into skin infections.

Symptoms of Eczema In Babies

Not only adults but eczema can develop in babies as well. You can guess a baby is suffering from eczema if rashes appear on his cheeks and scalp. The rashes in babies can cause terrible itchiness. Due to discomfort, a baby continuously scratches or rubs his body and face. This can lead to the development of skin infections. Rashes turn into blisters and then leaks fluid. Because of the discomfort, babies cannot sleep well.

Eczema Symptoms in Children Between 2 Years And Puberty

You can tell it is eczema from the characteristic of the rashes. When eczema occurs in children between 2-years of age until puberty rashes appear in specific regions of the body such as ankle, wrists, neck, knees, creases of the elbows and crease in between the legs and buttock. The rashes appear bumpy and can change in color from dark to light and vice versa. Rashes can even thicken, develop knots and become itchy.

What Causes Eczema?

Eczema is believed to be caused by both environmental and genetic factors. If a parent has eczema or some kind of atopic disease eczema develops. The chance of the child developing eczema increases if both the parents have the atopic disease.

Hormones play a key role in aggravating eczema. When there is an imbalance of hormones in the body during pregnancy or menstrual cycle, the symptoms of eczema can worsen. The various environmental factors that are responsible for the development of eczema are as follows:

  • Irritants:Some irritants which are responsible for the development of eczema are detergents, soaps, shampoos, disinfectants, etc.
  • Allergens: Allergens like pets, pollens, dust mites, mold or dandruff can cause the development of eczema.
  • Microbes: Some microbes such as viruses, fungi and Staphylococcus Aureus play a key role in the development of eczema.
  • Cold and Hot Temperatures: Eczema can also develop due to low and high humidity as well as cold and hot temperatures. Excessive perspiration during workouts can cause eczema as well.

What Foods Cause Eczema?

Some foods must be avoided by people suffering from eczema such as dairy products, seeds, nuts, eggs, juices, meat, soy products, citrus fruits, wheat or gluten, spices like cinnamon and cloves, tomatoes. Eating these foods cause the body to release some compounds of the immune system that brings about eczema flare-ups.

What Causes Eczema Flare-Ups in Adults?

If you have eczema you need to identify the potential triggers that can cause flare-ups. Some of the common triggering agents that can cause your skin to itch, burn or become dry are shampoo, body wash, laundry detergents, disinfectants, etc. The other irritants that can aggravate eczema are metals like nickel, fragrances, cigarette smoking, etc. Eczema can be caused by stress as well. Though emotional stress can be a trigger of eczema, the exact mechanism is still unknown.

What Causes Dyshidrotic Eczema?

Stress, various metals like cobalt, chromium salts or nickel are responsible for the development of dyshidrotic eczema. Wet hands and feet can also lead to the development of this skin condition. The other factors that play an appreciable role in causing eczema are hot and humid weather, cold and hot temperatures, dust mites, pollen, etc.

People suffering from eczema must be aware of the triggers that cause eczemas such as metals like nickel, cobalt, and chromium. Nickel is present in different objects such asjewelry, keys, eyeglass frames, metal buttons, cell phones, steel items, etc.

There can be various causes of eczema in adults. Treatment helps in healing the damaged skin and preventing flare-ups. Dermatologists suggest a treatment plan on the basis of an individual’s present condition of health, symptoms, and age.