Nail Fungus - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

by Nazerah Tahir June 29, 2019 3 min read

Nail Fungus is a kind of infection. There are numerous nail fungus symptoms such as red and swelled skin around nails plus pitted and cracked nails. Now the question that comes to the mind is that what causes nail fungus.  It might develop due to any crack in the nail or any cut on the skin around the nail.

Basically, fingernail fungus is contamination that begins wirth a small spot of either white or yellow color. Gradually it increases and turns out as a fungal infection. In medical terms, it is known as tinea unguium and onychomycosis.  

What Causes Nail Fungus?

There are several things that cause nail fungus. Commonly it is caused by dermatophytes. A dermatophyte is a group of microscopic organism that is responsible for creating the fungal infection. These organisms do not need sunlight for survival. The fungus grows more in a moist and warm atmosphere.

Nail fungus is caused by the pathogens also. They cause nail fungus by entering into the skin through small cuts. There is a higher chance of infection dilation, and it might spread and affect the other nails and skin also.

You might get an infection if you have a habit of walking barefoot in moist areas like a locker room or pool deck. It is very common among the athletes as their nails remain moist with the sweat as they wear socks and shoes most of the times. Older adults, people with diabetes, and people with the weak immune system also tend to have nail fungus.

Nail Fungus Symptoms

Finger Nail fungus is painless in the beginning, but when it grows, it starts giving pain. So, when you observe changes in any part of the body, don't ignore. In case you see any change in your nails, pay attention to it. Few common nail fungus symptoms are:

White or yellowish Nails: The color of the nails becomes white and sometimes yellowish. When the nail and nail bed is separated, there comes a gap between them. Below the nail, the dust gets accumulated, and it is visible. The dust contains germs and may give rise to fungal infection.

Senile Nails: As we grow, the nails develop ridges and turn to be brittle. It might break easily. But when nails break, they might take a part of skin away. An open wound or tiny cut is prone to infection.

Green Nails: It can cause infection if the nail and nail bed get separated partially. Bacteria named pseudomonas grows in the gap between the bed and bed nail resulting in the green color of nails.

Swelling around the Nail: Sometimes the skin around the nails becomes red and gets swelled. It is an infection which is known as paronychia. It affects the cuticles and results in intense irritation.

Red or Black Color Nails: Sometimes due to an injury, the blood appears under the nails. But it must be treated timely and accurately. The wound has the chances of catching the infection. If the colored area becomes black or you find a spot under nails, then there is a need for dermatologist consultation.

If you find any of the above changes, you must consult a dermatologist. You might be at an early stage of nail fungus. If you get a nail fungus treatment at the initial stage, it is beneficial for you. Many types of essential oils for nail fungus are available in the market. You can buy them for your nail fungus treatment.

How to Get Rid Of Nail Fungus?

It is imperative to get a proper examination by a dermatologist to know whether you have fingernail fungus or not. They collect the samples by trimming a part of your affected nails. Then samples are examined in the lab to find out the cause of the infection. Then the dermatologist provides nail fungus treatment that is suitable for you.

For the initial stage of infection, the dermatologist prescribes topical ointments and antifungal medications for the nail fungus treatment. However, in the case of severe infection, the removal of the entire nail is suggested. The antifungal pills include salts like terbinafine, itraconazole, fluconazole, etc. The medicines and ointments take a longer time to treat the nail fungus.

You can also use essential oils for nail fungus. Many natural and chemical free products are available in the market that proves to be the best medicine for nail fungus. The products include the creams and serum like Exzma Skincare anti-fungal nail serum. It is a wonderful solution for treating the fungus from the root. It is prepared from clove oil, tea tree oil, and other natural ingredients to kill nail fungus.